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Symptoms, Causes and Diagnostic Methods

Insomnia Symptoms

  • Difficulty falling asleep, 

  • waking up before expected, 

  • Not feeling fresh after sleep, 

  • Being angry and aggressive, 

  • Feeling tired and sluggish during the day, 

  • Difficulty with coordination and focus, 

  • Having difficulty remembering events, 

  • Being sleepy during the day, 

  • Worrying about sleep, 

  • Increase in the number of errors and accidents, 

  • Hyperactivity, 

  • Mood disorders, 

  • Anxiety and depression.

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Causes of Insomnia

  • Stress

  • Environmental disturbances (noise, light, or extreme heat/cold)

  • Disruption of normal sleep patterns (Travel or a newborn baby)

  • Jetlag after travel

  • Medication use for various ailments

The cause of the emergence of chronic insomnia. Unlike acute insomnia  chronic diseases can also cause mental tension.

  • Asthma

  • chronic body aches

  • heart palpitations

  • chronic stress

  • Depression

  • drug use

  • emotional or physical discomfort

  • Thyroid diseases

  • psychological reasons

Insomnia Diagnostic Methods

He or she may perform a physical exam to look for signs of medical problems that may be related to insomnia. While investigating the underlying physical diseases that may cause insomnia, it is also investigated whether there is a problem with the thyroid. If deemed necessary, reports of high-resolution imaging methods such as MRI may be requested.


For a definitive diagnosis of insomnia, the doctor may request a chart of one or two weeks of sleep patterns or an overnight follow-up at the patient's sleep clinic. Thus, how long you stay awake at night, breathing movements, brain waves and body activities can be monitored and recorded.

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People with Insomnia 

Researchers state that 30% to 40% of adults try to cope with insomnia every year.

According to the National Sleep Epidemiology Survey (TAPES) in Adults in Turkey, the incidence of insomnia is 15% (Male: 10.5%, Female: 20.2%).

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